The dominant grape in the Tuscany region is Sangiovese. The traditional style is described mostly as herbaceous (tomato leaf or even leather and meaty) and the new style is fruitier and more rounded, also less acidic.
The wines are dry and the main red wine categories are: Chianti, Chianti Classico, Rosso di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Brunello di Montalcino. These wines command Sangiovese as the main grape, 100% Sangiovese. Then we have the Super Tuscan, wines that are also red and dry, but Bordeaux Blends are allowed (Merlot, CF, CS and also Syrah).
The characteristics of Sangiovese:
Late ripening, intense flavors of red fruit and great potential of bottle ageing, due to its high acidity and tannins. They prefer warmer temperature and are grown on the hilly slops of beautiful Tuscany. They are used for blending in the vicinity regions, Marche, Abbruzzo, Umbria, Lazio and even Puglia.
The reputation of the wines in Tuscany is to be thanked to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo III, who at the time he was reigning Tuscany, the economy was weak, but thank to his travel and experiences throughout Europe, he began to send red wines, mainly from Brunello to Kings and Queens all over Europe, to maintain good diplomacy. He began to protect the geographic limits of Sangiovese production and under him, the first DOC was born.
Good to know:
*On the neck of the bottle, there is a black rooster, that symbols the peace between Siena and Florence dispute for Chianti territory. Siena’s rooster is white. Today, all Chianti Classicos has to have the black rooster (gallo nero), in order to the wine bottles to be called Chianti Classico. They are all protected under the laws and rules of Chianti Classico Consortium.
*The Super Tuscan wines are today collectible wines and are for bid for a large amount of money and those wines have their own denominations.
*Many Italians in Italy call the wines from Tuscany, “wine for the tourist”.
*The millennials wine consumers search for Chiantis, mostly because of the romanticism of the hills, sun and flowers of the region.
Food with Susi